Pakistan is a relatively 'new' country, having formed in 1947, before East Pakistan became Bangladesh in 1971. Withdrawn and insular for decades, the events of September 11th 2001, placed the country firmly in the international spotlight, due to its location as Afghanistan's neighbour. Earlier that year, a crew of 12 people including four surfers explored the Makran Desert's coast looking for rideable surfspots in the Baluchistan province. In 325BC, Alexander the Great and his army marched through its harsh desert wastes and suffered heavy loss of life from shortages of food and water. Until 1809, no other Europeans visited the Makran. In terms of physical geography, Baluchistan has more in common with Western Asia than with the Sub-Continent. Its wild and mysterious desert vistas contain formidable mountain ranges of amazing rock formations, dramatically contoured and twisted by the Earth's violent geological movements. The Makran Coast's deserted sandy beaches stretch 700km (438mi) along the Arabian Sea. Around Karachi there are several spots surfed by expats and travellers fresh off the plane, like the Paradise Cove beachbreak and the best pointbreak, Goth Munjar on the Hub rivermouth. The main problem with the Makran Coast is simple: it's too shallow! Most of the white-clay cliffs erode into the sea, building huge, shallow banks, especially around reefs and capes, dissipating rather than focusing the swell power. The best coastal feature for finding surf is on the hammer-shaped headlands that once were islands but became joined to the mainland by a thin sand or shingle bar (tombolos), such as Ormara and Gwadar. This region is located on very active tectonic plates, which constantly shake up to 3 on the Richter Scale.